About the author: Guo Moruo (1892～1978), his scientific name was Kaizhen, and his name was Shangwu, and he changed his name to Moruo. He was also named Dingtang. He was also named Zhujun Master, Dingfu, Fenyi Master, Shituo, Guo Aimu, Rongma Scholar, etc. . A native of Leshan, Sichuan. In 1914, he went to Japan to study. During the May Fourth Movement, he was actively engaged in the New Culture Movement. In 1921, he organized a creation society with Yu Dafu and Cheng Fangwu. Participated in the Northern Expedition in 1926 and served as deputy director of the General Political Department of the National Revolutionary Army. Participated in the Nanchang Uprising in 1927, and later joined the Communist Party of China on the way south. Wanted by the Kuomintang government in 1928, he went into exile in Japan, devoted himself to the study of ancient Chinese society, and wrote important academic works such as "Research on Ancient Chinese Society" and "A Series of Inscriptions on Two Weeks". During the Anti-Japanese War, he successively served as the president of the "Salvation Daily", the director of the National Government Military Committee Kang Chen Gong and the director of the Cultural Work Committee. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, he engaged in democratic activities in Chongqing, Nanjing, Shanghai and other places. After the founding of New China, he served as chairman of the All-China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, and vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee.
1. Due to the rise of modern archaeological excavations, a brand-new situation in epigraphy in the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China was opened. Guo Moruo, as one of the four oracle bone halls, is a person who combines new archaeological materials with sociological methods, and has a profound influence on later Chinese academic circles. It was during the years when he was in exile in Japan in the 1930s that the Guo family devoted himself to academic research and turned from literature to the study of ancient history. In Wenqiutang Bookstore, he successively published researches such as "Research on Ancient Chinese Society" and "Two Zhou Jinwen Ci Da" "Department" and more than ten kinds of important works that laid the foundation of his life academic achievements. This batch of letters clarifies the entire appearance of this period of publication. It can be said to be the most complete handbook left by the most important figures in the most vigorous era of Chinese epigraphy in its most important academic years. An Muxi ￡
2. The last person, Wenqiudang, was the first in Tokyo and the largest specialized bookstore of Chinese classics, calligraphy and painting at that time. The owner, Keitaro Tanaka, is an expert on ancient Chinese books in the Japanese academic circle, as well as Konan Neten and Hans Shimada. However, the significance of Wen Qiu Tang lies not only in the transmission of Chinese classics, but also in becoming an important link between the Chinese and Japanese academic circles at that time. Through Wenqiutang, Guo Moruo got acquainted with renowned Japanese sinologists such as Neten Hunan, Mizuno Seiichi, and Nakamura Buzhe. Among the bookstore guests, there were also Gao Luopei from the Netherlands, Fu Baoshi and Yu Dafu from China. Silhouette. This batch of letters also reflects the special friendship between the writers beyond the general publishers and authors, and restores the exchanges of Sino-Japanese Sinology at that time.
3. Guo Moruo has an indelible position not only academically, but also in the history of modern calligraphy. Unlike the Guo style that was formed after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the style of calligraphy in Japan in the 1930s was often infected by the subjects of study at this time, and there were numerous appearances that imitated various inscriptions. However, this kind of calligraphy full of literati meaning is extremely rare in the world. This batch of letters may be the only scarce material that perfectly reflects the state of Guo's writing at this time. In addition, in this batch of letters, Guo Moruo almost chooses flower paper with engravings, which is very elegant and elegant, and some even have the intention of writing calligraphy directly. This also shows that Guo Moruo attaches importance to these letters. .
4. The paper and ink of the works are as new, well preserved, and spread in an orderly and reliable manner. Since Tanaka's death, it has been preserved in the hands of Nobuo Masui, the honorary professor of Kanazawa University and the elder son of Keitaro Tanaka, and was first published in Bunkudo's self-made Tanaka Memorial Collection in 1987. In China, this batch of letters was once one of the cultural exchange projects between China and Japan. Ma Liangchun, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and Ito Toramaru, Tokyo Women’s University, Japan, respectively presided over the collation, translation, and compilation of Chinese and Japanese scholars. It lasted more than ten years. In 1997, the booklet "Guo Moruo's Letter to Wenqiutang" was published by the Cultural Relics Publishing House. Since then, all the writings of Guo's letters or exploring his early deeds were often cited and published as typical historical facts.
Therefore, this batch of Guo Moruo's letters to Wenqiutang, who made his appearance for the first time in China, are both for Guo Moruo himself, for the development of modern academics, for the history of exchanges between Chinese and Japanese academic circles, or for the history of calligraphy in the 1930s. It is a very heavy stroke. At the same time, it is undoubtedly the most important auction of its kind in China since its inception, and it will become an inscription in the Chinese art market.